Constructing and Validating Psychological Instrument Al-Akhlaq Al Karimah Quality of Life for Indonesian Muslims
Keywords:Al-Akhlaq Al-Karimah, Quality of Life, Indonesian Muslims, measures
This study is aimed to construct and validate a psychological instrument Al-Akhlaq Al-Karimah Quality of Life (AK-QOL) for Indonesian Muslims. This preliminary study involved 372 students of Universitas Islam Indonesia, divided into two studies, namely Study I of 192 students and Study II of 180 students. This study also included the Maqashid Shariah Quality of Life (MS-QOL;Mohamad, Azman, Ali, Yusoff, & Omar, 2015) and World Health Organizaton Quality of Life-Brief Version (WHO, 1996) as validation criteria and Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale-Short Form (MCSDS-SF; Reynolds, 1982) as control variable. This study went through exploratory factor analysis to explore the possibilities of what underlying components of AK-QOL that can assess muslims quality of life. AK-QOL-Form W (44 items) and Form I (48 items) were utilized in this study which both has fulfilled the requirements for analysis. These questionnaires are reliable shown by the value of Cronbach, for AK-QOL-Form W α = 0.934, and Form I α = 0.937. Results shows that AK-QOL-Form W constructed two factors with eigenvalues ≥ 1 and shows variance as much as 9.384 and 2.594 for Form-W, and 7.762 for Form-I. Both factors simultaneously are able to describe the total variance of AK-QOL as much as 54.449% for Form-W, and one factor Form-I is able to describe the total variance AK-QOL as much as 55.443%. The finding of moderate to strong correlation with criterion variables demonstrated early evidences of the validity of AK-QOL. This study shows that AK-QOL can be utilized to assess the quality of life of Muslims in Indonesia.
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